STUNNED: SisTemic mUltilevel optimized orchestratioN of energy maNagement systEms for resiDential, industrial and tertiary energy flexibility services

Duration: 48 months (2024-2028)

STUNNED project aims to reduce the overall energy demand of groups of end-users (buildings) aggregated in energy communities or energy districts, integrating renewables, electric vehicles, different proprietary EMS, ensuring stability in connections with the main electrical grid and providing ancillary services such as Demand Response (DR), peak shaving, load shifting, balancing&frequency services, congestion management. Through the aggregation of multiple residential/industrial buildings, STUNNED aims to demonstrate the opportunity to provide energy flexibility services to the electricity network and to facilitate aggregated prosumers, consumers and producers joining the electricity markets. The proposed solution will be based on the Stackelberg Game optimization method, a mathematical technique capable to find the optimal trade-off solution between two different local actors in a three layer configuration: the “middle layer” actor, represented by the Aggregator, and a “lower layer” actors, represented by the group of buildings/industrial sites which will capitalize the possibility to reduce their costs and carbon footprint enabled to the participation in energy and flexibility markets, the “upper layer” actor. Three different schemes will be implemented and compared, addressing three main market configurations (centralized, decentralized, distributed). Techno-economic-legal viability of the proposed solution will be validated through a demonstration campaign in three different EU countries (Italy, Spain and France), also involving local TSOs/DSOs either directly or through the existing markets. Replication and market design and exploitation will be one of the core points of STUNNED concept development. Moreover, STUNNED will develop a solution coherent with the on-going regulatory framework and providing recommendations for enhancing and innovating the current energy communities legislation.